U.S. adults and children are equally likely to have allergic contact dermatitis. Historically the narrow geographic location of data-reporting providers has quantitatively and qualitatively limited the pediatric contact dermatitis data. The Pediatric Contact Dermatitis Registry was used to evaluate self-identified pediatric patch test providers within the United States with regard to demographic characteristics, geographic location, and practice patterns.
A wide range of U.S. providers were invited to join the registry by completing a secure online 11-question registration survey.
There were 252 respondents from 50 states and the District of Columbia; 28.6% were pediatric dermatologists and members of the Society for Pediatric Dermatology (SPD), and 38% were members of the American Contact Dermatitis Society. The cumulative range of pediatric patch-test evaluations performed each year was 1,726 to 4,613 children. SPD members had a significantly greater likelihood of performing a commercially available patch test (odds ratio 7.14 [95% confidence interval 5.11, 9.97], p < .001) than those who were not SPD members. SPD members also had significantly lower odds of performing North American Contact Dermatitis Group standard tests than nonmembers.
The frequency of patch test evaluations in children is significantly underreported. This study provides insight into the practice patterns of various providers who are patch testing children and makes recommendations for evidence-based modifications regarding these practices. Limitations of the study include survey responder selection bias and small sample size.
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